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1750 â€” Scottish poet Robert Fergusson lives, Edinburgh. A leading figure of the 18th-century revival of Scots vernacular writing and chief forerunner of Robert Burns. Though he also wrote in English, his Scots poems â€” racy, realistic, wittily descriptive, and humorous â€” have greater impact on writers like Burns.
1831 â€” Charles Darwin is interviewed by Capt. Fitzroy of the "Beagle" for the position of shipÊ¼s naturalist; Fitzroy almost rejects Darwin because of the shape of DarwinÊ¼s nose.  [Source: Robert Braunwart]
1859 â€” Our Nig by Harriet Wilson is published. The first novel published in the US by an African-American woman. Lost to readers for years until reprinted with a critical essay by noted African-American scholar Henry Louis Gates, Jr. in 1983.
1869 â€” Switzerland: Basle Congress of International opens. Michael Bakunin appears for the slugfest, the communists (Bakuninists) opposed to the collectivists (Marxists). Tossing his mane of hair and brandishing his fist, whilst he glowered at the Marxite majority, Bakunin angrily declares: "I do not want merely the soil to become general property, I want all wealth to be the same! There must be a universal social liquidation â€” we must have the abolition of the Stateâ€¦"
1870 â€” France: Victor Hugo is hailed publicly in Paris upon return from banishment on Guernsey in the Channel Islands, where he wrote Les ChÃ¢timents and Les MisÃ©rables (Hugo spent about 50 pages describing the sewers of Paris). Hugo returned to France after the collapse of the Second Empire. He was elected to Parliament in October. On December 1 he obtains the release of Louise Michel.  
1872 â€” Netherlands: A commission to the investigate the Bakuninist Alliance meets today, Thursday, during the Hague Congress (September 2â€”7). Notes are taken by Theodor Cuno, Chairman of the Investigation Commission, during the interrogation of witnesses. 
1877 â€” United States of America: Great Sioux warrior Crazy Horse murdered. "I will return to you in stone." Crazy Horse and his starving people had peacefully surrendered to the US army on May 6th. Crazy Horse was assassinated on orders from the local Reservation Agent, bayoneted in the back by a US soldier, while in custody at Fort Robinson, Nebraska.
1877 â€” Belgium: Verviers, from the 5 to the 8. 5th Congress of the Bakuninist section [anarchist] of the International Workingman's Association (IWA, the first Communist International); See also September 9 regards the Universal Socialist Congress (convened in Ghent, Belgium, intent on reunifying the various fractions within the AIT).
1897 â€” United States of America: Emma Goldman speaks in Boston on "Must We Become Angels to Live in an Anarchist Society?" and collects money for the victims of the Spanish authorities in the aftermath of the assassination of the premier.
1899 â€” United States of America: At the invitation of Kate Austin, Emma Goldman travels to the farming community of Caplinger Mills, Missouri, where she delivers three lectures, including "Patriotism." She had previously visited the farm of this anarchist feminist journalist in October of 1897.
1906 â€” Mexico: Followers of the three anarchist Flores Magon brothers, from Douglas, Arizona, try to take Agua Prieta, Sonora, to begin a revolt against Diaz (US police later arrest them). Meanwhile, campesinos of Acayucan, Veracruz form a mutual-defense pact against Diaz. [Source: Robert Braunwart]
1911 â€” England: Pupils desert their classrooms and parade in the streets after a Llanelli boy is punished for passing round a note urging his friends to strike against corporal punishment. In the next fortnight, schools in over 60 major towns and cities will come out in solidarity.
1914 â€” Nicanor Parra lives, San FabiÃ¡n de Alico, Chile. Mathematician and often considered to be the most influential poet Chile has produced since Pablo Neruda. Self-described "antipoet," due to his distaste for standard poetic pomp and function.  
1915 â€” Switzerland: International Socialist Conference of Zimmerwald convenes, from the 5th-8th, gathering opponents of the World War I; DÃ©but d'un mouvement pacifiste international.; amb participaciÃ³ of Lenin. Fou intent of refer socialisme in the heat of revolucionari world war. Sources: [ Congressos Obrers ] and [ Le Libertaire ]
1916 â€” African American novelist Frank Yerby lives, Augusta, Georgia. His early story "Health Card" wins the O. Henry short story award. Turns to adventure novels and becomes a best-selling author of the 1940s and 1950s. In total, Yerby publishes over 30 novels that sell over 20 million copies.
1923 â€” First use of smoke-screen for concealing troops. Military is finally catching up with politics.
1924 â€” France: Emma Goldman leaves Paris for London where she hopes to find it easier to earn a living. Resides at the home of Doris Zhook. Her closest associates here include John Turner, Thomas H. Keell, and William C. Owen.
1939 â€” Dalton TrumboÊ¼s Johnny Got His Gun published two days after the beginning of World War II.  http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAhollywood10.htm 
1954 â€” England: Demo by the National Council of Tenants' and Residents' Associations, Trafalgar Square, London. (No further info given in MaceÊ¼s book).
1957 â€” Jack KerouacÊ¼s On the Road, an inspiration for a generation of restless spirits, is published. Regarded as the foundation text for the Beat movement, the book was written on a single scroll of paper, made up of 12-foot long sheets of tracing paper taped together and fed through a typewriter continuously, so Kerouac would not have to pause his train of thought. He wrote in fits of inspiration that lasted for days, fueled by amphetamine binges and lack of sleep. The entire process took 20 days and ended with a single spaced, 120-foot long scroll. 
1960 â€” Cassius Clay captures the Olympic light heavyweight gold medal. Later becomes Mohammed Ali. He was stripped of his World Champion boxing crown for refusing to be inducted to fight in Vietnam, and disparaged as the worst kind of lowlife by the American government, media and corporate powers. But all will end well by the 1990s when all parties expeience a continuous love-fest with the aging and ailing champ.
1965 â€” San Francisco Examiner writer Michael Fallon applies the term "hippie" to the SF counterculture in an article about the Blue Unicorn coffeehouse where LEMAR (Legalize Marijuana) and the Sexual Freedom League meet, and hippie houses, declares the Beat movement is alive in the Haight district. 
1965 â€” Labor Day opening of Martha and The Vandellas at the Fillmore Auditorium.
1972 â€” Germany: Black September terrorists kill two Israeli athletes at Munich Olympics as inept German police bungle their response. These Arabs demand the release of 200 Arab prisoners held by Israel. An open gun battle ensues and when the smoke cleared, the nine remaining hostages and terrorists are dead.
1972 â€” Juan Puig Elias (1898 â€” 1972) dies. Spanish teacher and militant anarcho-syndicalist. Founder of "l'Escola Natura" based on the ideas of Francisco Ferrer. A CNT activist, involved with the Council of the New School Unified (CENU) during the Spanish Revolution.
1973 â€” "Many music lovers donÊ¼t know that nearly a whole generation of original and highly talented musicians in Detroit were either snuffed out or forced to flee Detroit to keep their music careers alive. You'd come into a studio, cut a record, and they'd pay you maybe $20 and a bottle of whiskey. It didnÊ¼t matter if the records sold 10 copies or if they sold 10,000." â€” Eddie "Guitar" Burns, interview in Fifth Estate, September 5, 1973
1975 â€” United States of America: Masonite Lynette Alice "Squeaky" Fromme, a member of Charles MansonÊ¼s "family," is caught pointing a handgun at President Gerald "Chewing Gum" Ford in Sacramento, California.
1987 â€” United States of America: Tammy Faye Bakker describes her last night in her PTL mansion before being evicted by that Tower of Forgiveness, Jerry Falwell: "As I lay on the floor in the dark, empty room," she says, "Tuppins, my puppy, licked at the tears running down my face, Oh, Tuppins, I sobbed. Why has god forsaken me?" Tuppins told her to "piss off" before keeling over dead, from toxic shock, after sucking down all that dribbling mascara.
1989 â€” United States of America: President George Bush I announces a $7.9-billion antidrug plan; George uses a bag of crack purchased across the street from the White House as a prop to show how ubiquitous drugs are (later it is revealed that DEA agents had to lure a drug dealer there). Why he didnÊ¼t score the crack from his drug-using son, George II, is not known. [Source: Robert Braunwart]
1993 â€” United States of America: The "Birmingham News" discloses research by the Southern Baptist Convention, estimating 46.1 percent of Alabamans are going to hell. Martin King of the denominationÊ¼s Atlanta-based Home Mission Board says the Southern Baptists have conducted such demographic research for years, but refuses to reveal national figures. King says the Baptists arenÊ¼t claiming to pass judgment: "All we know is that, as we understand the doctrine of salvation, a lot of people are lost."
1997 â€” Cuba: Dissident Hector Palacio Ruiz sentenced to 18 months in prison on a charge of "disrespect for authority," having dissed President Fidel Castro in a German television interview. Palacio, in an interview broadcast last December on German TV, strongly criticized CastroÊ¼s rule, calling for reforms, and at one point calling Castro "crazy."
1999 â€” Palestinian terrorists are killed when their time bombs explode one hour prematurely, due to a daylight-savings time change. [Source: Robert Braunwart]