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December 1

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December 1 is the 1st day in December.


355 — Julian Ceasar leaves Milano for Gaul. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1590 — Edmund Spenserʼs Faerie Queene is registered for publication with the Stationersʼ Company. [1]

1662 — England: Samuel Pepys notes the first recorded ice‐skating in Britain. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1663 — John Dryden, 32, marries Elizabeth Howard, the daughter of the first Earl of Berkshire. She will bear him three sons.

1751 — Johan Kellgren, considered the greatest literary figure of the Swedish enlightenment, lives, Floby.

1817 — Sir Walter Scott publishes [[Rob Roy]. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1827 — Australia: Subscription Library begins with 1,000 volumes, Sydney. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1828 — Brasil: Brazilian War veterans revolt against Argentina over peace terms. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1830 — This is the due date for Victor Hugo to turn over the manuscript of The Hunchback of Notre Dame to his publishers; he misses it. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1831 — United States of America: Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather.

1835 — Hans Christian Andersen publishes “Tales, Told for Children” (his first). [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1842 — Philip Spencer, first US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged.

1847 — Julia Davis Moore lives.

1860 — The first installment of Charles Dickensʼs Great Expectations is published in “All the Year Round.” [2]

1870 — France: Victor Hugo obtains the release of Louise Michel. [3]

1885 — France: This month, Formation dʼun “groupe ouvrier” de députés socialistes comportant dix‐huit membres.

1891 — Switzerland: International Peace Bureau launched, Berne.

1893 — Germany: Ernst Toller lives, Samotschin (now Szamocin, Poland).

1895 — Henry Williamson, lives, Bedfordshire.

1896 — Rex Stout lives, Noblesville, Indiana.

1904 — United States of America: W. A. “Tony” Boyle, United Mine Workers (UMW) president, lives.

1905 — Charles Finney lives. American author (Circus of Dr. Lao).

1907 — France: France: sortie à Limoges (France) du premier numéro du bimensuel “Le Combat Social,” sous‐titré “Organe révolutionnaire des Syndicalistes, Socialistes antiparlementaires et Libertaires.” Le journal, dirigé par Jean Peyroux sʼarrêtera (pour raisons financières) le 21 avril 1909, après 35 numéros. Il sera remplacé par “LʼInsurgé” qui paraîtra en 1910. [4]

1908 — While the politicos in Brazil and Argentina threaten war between the two countries, workerʼs organizations and anarcho‐syndicalists of these two Latin American countries express their cross-border solidarity, and jointly organize a day of protest against the possibility of a conflict. [5]

1911 — United States of America: John and James McNamara plead guilty to bombing the Los Angeles Times building; admission of guilt creates controversy among their supporters who believed them to be innocent. Emma Goldman defends their action in Mother Earth editorial.

1911 — Edgar Rice Burroughs begins writing his novel Tarzan of the Apes. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1911 — France: sortie du premier numéro de “LʼIdée Libre,” Revue Mensuelle de Culture Individuelle et de Rénovation Sociale. Son principal animateur en sera André Lorulot. Les thèmes abordés y sont variés : hygiène, alimentation, sociologie, littérature, anticléricalisme, etc. La Revue sʼarrêtera en 1940, mais reparaîtra après la seconde guerre mondiale, mais sera alors essentiellement centrée sur lʼanticléricalisme.. [6]

1912 — United States of America: Rustling card system put in place by the Anaconda Mining and Smelter Company. “Agitators” identified by spies are refused cards and therefore work.

1913 — United States of America: First drive‐up gasoline station opens, Pittsburgh.

1914 — United States of America: Famed labor song “Solidarity Forever” written by Industrial Workers of the World songwriter Ralph Chaplin.

1919 — United States of America: Alexander Berkman, Emma Goldman, and 200+ anarchists, labor militants, and radicals are forced to leave the “Land of the Free,” deported to Russia on the rust‐bucket Buford. Shades of B. Travenʼs The Death Ship. In America it is axiomatic that we have free speech only if no one practices it.

1919 — A.A. Milne play “Mr. Pim Passes By” premiers, Manchester. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1921 — Russia: Under the pretext of representing the Kropotkin Museum at an anarchist conference in Berlin, Emma Goldman, Alexander Berkman, and Alexander Schapiro are authorized to leave Russia. Early this month Goldman and Berkman settle in Riga, Latvia. They write to Harry Weinberger about chances of getting back into the US. Allowed only a temporary visa in Latvia, they seek entry to either Germany or Sweden. They are granted Swedish visas on December 14th, and enroute to Germany, on a train on the December 22 they are arrested by the Latvian secret service; accused of being Bolshevik agents.

1921 — Silent movie serial “The Adventures of Tarzan” is released. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1921 — Tanizaki Jun‐ichiro plays “Haru no umibe” and “Jugoya monogatari” are produced, Tokyo. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1922 — United States of America: Capt. Turner, RAF, produces the first skywriting over the US (NYC). [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1925 — Joseph Jean‐Marie Tortelier dies.

1931 — Russia: With the failure of Nepreryvka, the five‐day week, the Soviet authorities attempt … the six-day week! [1931] - see August 26 and November 23. Like the five-day week, this measure is sabotaged by workers and peasants taking both the banned Sundays and the new rest days off. [Source: Calendar Riots]

1934 — Russia: Sergei Kirov, Josef Stalinʼs collaborator, assassinated in Leningrad.

1935 — American filmmaker Woody Allen lives.

1947 — Aleister Crowley dies at 74.

1948 — Costa Rica: The army is disbanded.

1951 — Benjamin Britten opera “Billy Budd” premiers, Covent Garden, London. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1955 — United States of America: Rosa Parks, an African American, gets busted, refusing to give her bus seat in front to a white man and sit in the back, in Montgomery, Alabama. Sets off a successful year‐long bus boycott by blacks and sparks the Civil Rights movement of the next decade.

1955 — United States of America: Wilhelm Reich “Orgone Energy Contempt Trial” begins. Reich refused to appear in court on the decree motion but did respond in a letter to the Judge regarding the courts unclear jurisdiction of scientific discovery. While the Orgone box is thoroughly discredited, Book Burning remains alive and well, today, as then. [7] [8] [9] [10]

1958 — United States of America: Our Lady of Angels School burns, killing 92 students and three nuns, Chicago.

1960 — Scotland: Ethel MacDonald (b. 1909) dies. Glasgow‐based anarchist activist and, during the Spanish Revolution, a prisoner aid militant, propagandist on Barcelona Loyalist radio, captured by the fascists.

1963 — France (?): After having established the new clandestine structure of the youth organization Federación Ibérica de Juventudes Libertarias (FIJL), the “provisional” Commission of Relations began preparations for todayʼs extraordinary Congress.

1964 — United States of America: Martin Luther King, Jr. speaks to J. Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign.

1966 — Prisoners for Peace Day first observed.

1966 — United States of America: Comedian Dick Gregory is convicted in Olympia, Washington, for his participation in Native American fishing rights protests. [11]

1966 — United States of America: Seattle, Washington, police shoot and kill a black youth suspected of car theft.

1966 — Print Mint store in the Haight‐Ashbury opens at 1542 Haight St., Frisco, California. [12]

1966 — United States of America: The Youngstown General Duty Nurses Association (YGDNA) becomes the first nurses in Ohio to engage in a mass resignation or “strike,” and according to the American Nurses Association it may be the first concerted action by nurses in a labor dispute in the nation. Nearly 350 of the 400 nurses sign resignations. [13]

1967 — United States of America: Wilt Chamberlain sets National Basketball Association record of 22 free throws misses.

1967 — Mad River and the Santana Blues Band appeared at the Straight Theatre, San Francisco.

1968 — Vietnam: American C-123 develops engine trouble, lightens its load by spraying a full tank of defoliants over two South Vietnamese towns, causing “deaths and widespread birth defects.”

1968 — United States of America: Public release of Rights in Conflict, commonly called the Walker Report. The National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, charged with studying and reporting on urban riots, formed a Chicago Study Team headed by Daniel Walker, to investigate the Convention Week disturbances. They reviewed over 20,000 pages of statements from 3,437 eyewitnesses and participants, 180 hours of film, and over 12,000 still photographs. The Walker Report attached the label “police riot” to the events of Chicago ʼ68. Read an excerpt—the summary to Rights in Conflict. [14]

1969 — “Magic” Sam Maghett, the Chicago bluesman best known for his 1964 recording of “High Heel Sneakers,” dies after suffering a heart attack in Chicago. He was 32.

1969 — United States of America: Black Panthers open the Sidney Miller Free Medical Clinic, Seattle, Washington.

1970 — Independent Peopleʼs Republic of South Yemen becomes the Peopleʼs Democratic Republic of Yemen.

1970 — 5,000 protest South Vietnamese Vice President Kyʼs visit to San Francisco.

1976 — The Sex Pistols, following their first single, “Anarchy in the U.K.,” appear on British TVʼs “Today Show,” a replacement for Queen. Interviewer Bill Grundy, taunts them for their “nasty” reputation, provokes bass player Glenn Matlock to say “fuck” on the air. In the resulting uproar, they are banned from all but five cities of their first U.K. tour. By next month, no club or concert hall in Great Britain will book them, after he fucked up. [15] [16]

1987 — In Saint‐Paul de Vence, France, American essayist, novelist, and playwright James Baldwin dies. Said little about his childhood, commenting only that it “is the usual bleak fantasy, and we can dismiss it with the unrestrained observation that I certainly would not consider living it again.”

1987 — England: The Department of Trade inspectors are ordered into the giant Guinness company to investigate allegations of misconduct which ends up with four arrests being made, including the chairman Ernest Saunders.

1988 — Switzerland: World AIDS Day founded by World Health Organization, Geneva.

1989 — Germany: In an off the wall (sic) (street) gesture, East Germany drops the communist monopoly from its constitution. [17]

1994 — While recovering from gunshot wounds suffered the day before, Tupac Shakur is convicted on charges of sexually abusing a woman in a hotel room.

1995 — Argentina: Fifteen (mostly soldiers) arrested for the 1994 bombing of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires. [Source: Robert Braunwart]

1997 — Stephane Grapelli, jazz violinist, dies, age 89.

1997 — United States of America: Basketballʼs Latrell Sprewell attacks his coach P. J. Carlesimo.

1997 — Sudan: A silent march of women, protesting conscription, is met by a police attack and the arrest of 37 women. Khartoum.

1997 — Swimming through the pages of her prose, crude drawings and the poetic license of profanity, Kathy Acker gutted every sacred cow; politicians, pimps, feminists, men, her dreams, slabs of the autobiographical, emotional self‐mutilation and self-loathing. She sometimes appeared like a lost child teetering on the abyss and at others the winged avenging angel with a scythe for a tongue.

2007 — South Africa Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front is formed. See Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Front constitution.

2007 — United States of America: 7 animal rights activists arrested during the anti-Huntington Life Sciences demonstration for allegedly violating a court order (released later that night on their own recognizance).

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