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1593 â€” Italian archaeologist Antonio Bosio first descends into the subterranean Christian burial chambers, located under the streets of Rome. Bosio was dubbed the â€œColumbus of the Catacombsâ€ and his books long remained the standard work on the underground tombs of the early Roman Church.
1777 â€” Johann Wolfgang von Goethe hikes up the Brocken, the highest summit in the Harz mountains (Germany), in spite of the cold and snow. He reports the climb in a letter to his friend, Charlotte von Stein. It also inspires his famous poem â€œHarzreise im Winter.â€
1891 â€” Nelly Sachs lives, Berlin. German poet and dramatist, Nobel prize winner (â€œO the Chimneysâ€). Transformed by the Nazi experience into a poignant spokesperson for her fellow Jews. Her most famous work is â€œO die Schornsteineâ€ (â€œO the Chimneysâ€), in which IsraelÊ¼s body drifts upward as smoke from the Nazi death camps. Recipient of the 1966 Nobel Prize for Literature (shared with S. Y. Agnon). 
1896 â€” â€œUbu Roi,â€ Alfred JarryÊ¼s obscene farce, opens in Paris. Scatological references, pompous style, and bastardized French cause audience to riot. â€œUbu Roi,â€ a grotesque farce about PÃ¨re Ubu, a gluttonous, greedy, and cruel individual who slaughters the royal family of Poland, opens in Paris. The playÊ¼s scatological references, pompous style, and bastardized French cause the audience to riot. Yesterday a riot occurred at dress rehearsal during JarryÊ¼s curtain speech.
1901 â€” The first Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace. The awards were devised by Alfred Nobel, who regretted the damage he had done mankind through his inventions of dynamite and other explosives. 
1903 â€” ChildrenÊ¼s writer most famous for her series on the Borrowers, Mary Norton, lives, London, England. The complete miniature universe Norton creates earns her comparison to such imaginative writers as J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, and Lewis Carroll.
1904 â€” United States of America: The first and single number of â€œLÊ¼Effortâ€ appears in San Francisco, California. Published by the French anarchist group Germinal, intended to replace the French language supplement to â€œProtesta Umanaâ€ which folded with the death of its publisher, Giuseppe Ciancabilla. â€œLÊ¼Effort combat les grands mots creux, tels que Dieu, Religion, Patrie, Drapeau, Gouvernement, Honneur, etc. qui ont maintenu depuis des siÃ¨cles, les hommes Ã lÊ¼Ã©tat dÊ¼enfants en tutelle et les fit toujours se dÃ©vorer mutuellement.â€ â€” Extrait
1906 â€” United States of America: Industrial Workers of the World sponsors first sitâ€down strike in the US, at a General Electric plant in Schenectady, New York. The method was adopted by the labor movement in the 1930s, with the Flint Sit-Down Strike being one of the most famous.  
1911 â€” Few men have met and conquered the obstacles Calbraith Perry Rodgers faced in accepting the challenge of a coastâ€to-coast flight across the US in 1911 (fewer than 8 years after the Wright brothers made the first successful flights in an airplane). William Randolph Hearst offered a $50,000 prize to the first pilot to cross North America by air in 30 daysâ€¦Rodgers miraculously survived several crashes, like one in Indiana, where he broke both legs and ankle, and a collarbone, cracked several ribs. He was thrown from the â€œVin Fizâ€ 15 times during the crossâ€country flight. Today he taxied the â€œVin Fizâ€ into the ocean with his crutches lashed to the top of his lower left wing; Rodgers was still recovering from a recent crash.
1911 â€” United States of America: The anarchist feminist Emma Goldman presents a lecture on â€œSex, the Element of Creative Work,â€ in New York City. [Source: flyer reproduced in The Traffic in Women published by Times Change Press]
1919 â€” Spain: The Madrid Congress of the anarchoâ€syndicalist CNT (December 10-20). The questions on the agenda, the quality of the delegates and the sheer number of workers represented (over 600,000) made this the most important congress to date. Dazzled by the Russian Revolution, and despite complaints it was a â€œpoliticalâ€ revolution and did not incorporate the libertarian ideal, the congress voted provisionally to join the Communist International and to send a delegation to the Second Congress of the Third International (Moscow on 1920 July 15).
1929 â€” Poet and publisher Harry Crosby takes his life. His Black Sun Press in Paris, founded with wife Caresse Crosby, published Hart Crane, Kay Boyle, Rene Crevel, T.S. Eliot, Archibald MacLeish, D. H. Lawrence, James Joyce. 
1929 â€” United States of America: Businesses still operating after the Great Crash in October continue to assure people that the future looks rosy. â€œNever before has American business been as firmly entrenched for prosperity as it is today.â€ â€” Charles Schwab, Bethlehem Steel
1938 â€” Enrico Fermi riceve il premio Nobel per la fisica e da Stoccolma parte direttamente per gli Stati Uniti. LÊ¼Italia non Ã¨ di certo un luogo vivibile per un cervello come il suo. [Source: Crimini e Misfatti]
1939 â€” Canada: Emma Goldman spends the first two weeks of this month in Winnipeg and speaks five times, reaching 1,400 people in two weeks: once in Yiddish to a womenÊ¼s organization on Living My Life; to a large audience on the Naziâ€Soviet Pact; a lecture on Hitler and Stalin; a talk to the IWW; and a lecture on â€œThe Jew in Literature in England until the End of the 19th Centuryâ€ to the Jewish WomanÊ¼s Cultural Club. During this month Emma, with the help of Dorothy Rogers, also attempts to raise $5,000 bail for the anarchist Arthur BortolottiÊ¼s release.
1939 â€” United States of America: Bertrand Russellâ€Rudolf Rocker reception and banquet held in LA. Impressive Opinions by Important Persons About a Significant Book was published as a souvenir of the event held today. (Los Angeles Rocker Publications Committee, 1939, 20 pages. Republished in 1947, 12 pages.) 
1944 â€” France: The first public anarchist assembly following the LibÃ©ration (World War II) is staged today. Organized by the editors of the newly revived newspaper â€œCe Quâ€™il Faut Direâ€ (What Must Be Said) and Charles Auguste Bontemps. 
1950 â€” American novelist William Faulkner receives Nobel Prize. In his acceptance he avers, â€œI believe that man will not merely endure: he will prevail.â€ Kenneth Rexroth told Brad Morrow that he had recommended to Laughlin publication of FaulknerÊ¼s Light in August and Sanctuary and IsherwoodÊ¼s Berlin Stories and All the Conspirators. â€” â€œAn Interview with Kenneth Rexrothâ€ http://www.mcsr.olemiss.edu/~egjbp/faulkner/faulkner.html 
1956 â€” Italy: Exhibiting in Favor of Unitary Urbanism, December 10-15th Exhibition featuring work by Sandro Cherchi, Constant, Guy Debord, Jacques Fillon, Giuseppe Pinot Gallizio, Franco Garelli, Asger Jorn, Walter Olmo and Piero Simondo, Turin Cultural Union, Turin. 
1959 â€” The four male members of the Platters are acquitted of charges of aiding and abetting prostitution, lewdness and assignation stemming from their August 10 arrest in Cincinnati.
1960 â€” Italy: La polizia di stato, su mandato del procuratore della repubblica di Genova, Francesco Coco, perquisisce le sedi di Milano e di Genova del giornale comunista lÊ¼Unita. Si cercano lettere di appartenenti alla Guardia di finanza e alla Pubblica sicurezza in cui si esprimono proteste per questioni salariali e di regolamento. LÊ¼obiettivo Ã¨ di individuare e incriminare i firmatari. [Source: Crimini e Misfatti]
1961 â€” United States of America: December 10-15 SNCC Freedom Rider test of ICC ruling in Albany, Georgia leads to five days of arrests of 469-500 students for marching around city hall. Some 350 choose to stay in jail as part of the Albany movement. Sheriff Campbell, inviting me into his office a few weeks after that happened, turned and said: â€œYouÊ¼re not with the goddam niggers, are you?â€ I chose not to answer, but asked him about what happened to Attorney King. He stared at me: â€œYeh, I knocked hell out of the sonâ€of-a-bitch, and IÊ¼ll do it again. I wanted to let him know â€¦ IÊ¼m a white man and heÊ¼s a damn nigger.â€ â€” Howard Zinn , You CanÊ¼t Be Neutral on A Moving Train.  
1964 â€” United States of America: Several whites sprinkle gasoline over a Ferriday, Louisiana shoe shop, and making certain the black man inside had no possible means of escape, set fire to the place. He subsequently died in a Louisiana hospital.
1965 â€” Bill Graham holds second benefit for SF Mime Troupe, at Fillmore (first time there) Fillmore and Geary â€” 3,500 turn out. Warlocks become â€œThe Grateful Dead,â€ and debut with the new name for the Mime Troupe Appeal Party. The Jefferson Airplane also appeared. 
1971 â€” Frank Zappa breaks his leg and ankle and fractures his skull as he is pushed from a London stage by the jealous boyfriend of a Zappa fan. Zappa spent months in a wheelchair recovering. Wrote such highbrow classics as â€œBroken Hearts are for Assholes,â€ â€œCamarillo Brillo,â€ â€œMuffin Manâ€ and â€œYo, Mama.â€ 
1974 â€” United States of America: Representative Wilbur D. Mills, Democrat from Arkansas, resigns as chairman of the Ways and Means Committee in the aftermath of the first truly public sex scandal in American politics. On October 7 at 2:00 a.m., Mills was stopped by park policeâ€¦ â€œFanne Foxe,â€ or the â€œArgentine Firecracker,â€ then proceeded to jump into the Tidal Basin near the Jefferson Memorial and had to be pulled out by the cops.
1980 â€” United States of America: Radio commentator Paul Harvey scoffs at renewed calls for gun control in the wake of John LennonÊ¼s murder. â€œWell, now, wait a minute,â€ he says. â€œDeath has claimed a lot of rock musicians prematurely, and none with guns. Keith Moon and Janis Joplin and Jimi Hendrix ODÊ¼d on drugs and Elvis Presley and Brian Jones and John Bonham â€¦ Plane crashes killed Jim Croce and Otis Redding and Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, Ronnie Van Zant. In fact, Lennon at 40 lived much longer than most of those.â€ So, it turns out Lennon was really kinda lucky to be repeatedly shot in the back.
1986 â€” France: In a festival similar to the ancient Roman festival of Lux Mundi (Light of the World), celebrating the goddess of Liberty, today two police stations are firebombed and cars burnt after an Arab is killed by an offâ€duty cop, Paris. [Source: Calendar Riots]
1992 â€” Indigenous activist, Mayan indian Rigoberta Menchu Tum is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her work opposing USâ€sponsored military dictatorships, terrorism and genocide in Guatemala.  
1998 â€” United States of America: In the spirit of the massive Spanishâ€American War Centennial celebrations planned all over America today, Little Grey Men from Texass return the USS Maine to port, back from Bermuda Triangle oblivion.  
1999 â€” American poet Edward Dorn (b. 1929) slings guns no more. Often associated with the Black Mountain poets. Lived in the Pacific Northwest for some years, a mentor and supporter of the musical group Devo, Fulbright lecturer. 
1999 â€” England: Italian/British anarchist, Vernon Richards dies. Companion to Marie Louise Berneri until her tragic death during childbirth. Author, secondhand bookseller, produce seller, Carrara marble trader, civil engineer, photographer, tour guide, and longtime editor at Freedom Press.   Photo credit: http://panizzi.comune.re.it/
2006 â€” United States of America: Anarchist Anthropology, ongoing discussion group / meetings this month, Jack Pine Center, Minneapolis, Min., partially based on the syllabus worked out by the Anarchist Free University, Toronto, Canada on 2005 September 20. Texts used include Graeber Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology; Franz Boas Social Organization of the Inuit, Kwakiutl; Haida Social and Mythical Discourse; Pierre Clastres Archaeology of Violence, with attention to indigenous cultures such as Inuit, Kwakiutl and Haida societies.