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anarchism in Mexico

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In 1824 The British Robert Owen tried to develop his colony in the Mexican province of Tejas New Harmony. His request was denied by the Mexican government.

in 1861 The Greek Plotino Rhodakanaty tried to implement the ideas of Fourier and Proudhon during the administration of President [Comonfort]. He published Cartilla Socialista a manual explaining the ideas of Fourier. Some of his adepts like Francisco Zalacosta, Santiago Villanueva, and Hermenegildo Villavicencio, became the first worker's rights activist in Mexico. Other students of Rhodakanaty founded a school "La Social, Sección Internacionalista" following Bakunin. These activists organized one of the first mutualist societies in Mexico. Mutualism is the preferred term for anarchism for the Mexican authorities.

Another important student was Chavez Lopez, and elocuent orator and the wroter of the first anarchist manifesto (1869). His motto: "soy socialista porque soy enemigo de todos los gobiernos y comunista porque mis hermanos quieren trabajar las tierras en común. Meaning, "I am a socialist because I am an enemy of all governments and, I am a communist because I want to work our common lands with my brothers". Out of all of Rhodakanaty's students he was the only one that advocated violent action. He found willing students among the dispossessed peasants in central Mexico.

Later, around 1882, another group appeared led by the brothers Enrique and Ricardo Flores Magon. They published the newspaper Regeneracion in 1901. Their movement is oft-cited as a precedent for the Mexican Revolution of 1910. After trying to capture some cities along the Mexico-US border, they were captured and killed. Other famous leaders of the Magonista movement were Camilo Arriaga, Juan Sarabia, Antonio Díaz Soto y Gama and Librado Rivera.

After the revolution, the anarchist movement started working and fused with the Mexican communist party, which was eventually outlawed during the heydays of the Cold War.

Remanents of them are part of Antorcha Campesina and the Frente Popular Francisco Villa. These movements are prevalent in rural and urban areas respectively.

Anarchism in Mexico Today[edit]

On January 1 1994, the Zapatista National Liberation Army revolted against the corrupt Mexican government by capturing six large towns and many other small, indigenous villages in Chiapas, Mexico's poorest state. The government was quick to react to this call for freedom and justice by the people of Chiapas. The Mexican Army was sent in to crush the Zapatista uprising, but no armed force can defeat the power of an awakened people. So after 12 days of heavy fighting that saw the heroic Zapatistas, armed mostly with sub-standard WW2-era rifles, fend off one of the best equipped armies in the world, the government was forced to agree to a ceasefire and respect the new autonomy of the indigenous Zapatista communities.

In May of 2006, the Coordinadora Insurreccional Anarquista (Insurrectional Anarchist Coordination) of Mexico published a statement in solidarity with the revolt that took place in the town of San Salvador Atenco earlier in the month.


He's in Mexico.

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