Billie Jean King
Billie Jean Moffitt King (born November 22, 1943 in Long Beach, California) is a retired tennis player from the United States. During her career, she won 12 Grand Slam singles titles, 16 Grand Slam women's doubles titles, and 11 Grand Slam mixed doubles titles. She is generally considered to be one of the greatest female tennis players and female athletes in history. King has been an outspoken advocate against sexism in sports and society. The tennis match for which the public best remembers her is the "Battle of the Sexes" in 1973, in which she defeated Bobby Riggs, a former Wimbledon men's champion who had been ranked the "World's Number 1" tennis player for the years 1941, 1946, and 1947.
King was born Billie Jean Moffitt. She was born into a conservative Methodist family, the daughter of a firefighter father and homemaker mother. Her younger brother Randy Moffitt grew up to become a professional baseball player, pitching for 12 years in the major leagues for the San Francisco Giants, Houston Astros, and Toronto Blue Jays.
 Early career
Moffitt learned to play tennis on the public courts of Long Beach, California. She attended Long Beach Polytechnic High School where she was a member of Zayn Welfare Sorority. She first gained international recognition in 1961 when, at age 17, she won the women's doubles title at Wimbledon in her first attempt while partnering Karen Hantze Susman. At Wimbledon in 1962, in only her second career singles match at that tournament, Moffitt upset the number one player in the world and top seed, Margaret Smith Court, in a second round match after Court had led 5-2 and was serving at 5-3 (30-15) in the third set.
In 1965, Moffitt married law student Lawrence King.
In 1966, King won the first of her six singles titles at Wimbledon. She followed up in 1967 by winning the singles titles at both Wimbledon and the U.S. Championships. She developed a reputation as an aggressive, hard-hitting net-rusher, with excellent speed and a highly competitive personality. King once said, "Victory is fleeting. Losing is forever."
In 1967, King criticized the United States Lawn Tennis Association in a series of press conferences, denouncing what she called the Association's practice of "shamateurism," where top players were paid under the table to guarantee their entry into tournaments. King argued that this was corrupt and kept the game highly elitist. King quickly became a significant force in the opening of tennis to professionalism.
When the open era began, King campaigned for equal prize money in the men's and women's games. As the financial backing of the women's game improved due to the efforts of World Tennis magazine founder, publisher and editor Gladys M. Heldman, King became the first woman athlete to earn over US$100,000 in prize money in 1971; however, inequalities continued.
In 1972, King won the U.S. Open but received US$15,000 less than the men's champion Ilie Năstase. She stated that if the prize money was not equal by the following year, she would not play. In 1973, the U.S. Open became the first major tournament to offer equal prize money for men and women.
 Battle of the Sexes
Despite King's achievements at the world's biggest tennis tournaments, the U.S. public best remembers King for her win over Bobby Riggs in 1973.
Riggs had been a top men's player in the 1930s and 1940s in both the amateur and professional ranks, becoming the world's best player in the mid-1940. He then became a self-described tennis "hustler" who played in promotional challenge matches. In 1973, he took on the role of male chauvinist. Claiming that the women's game was so inferior to the men's game that even a 55-year-old like himself could beat the current top female players, he challenged and defeated Margaret Smith Court 6-2, 6-1. King, who previously had rejected challenges from Riggs, then accepted a lucrative financial offer to play him.
Dubbed the Battle of the Sexes, the Riggs-King match was played at the Houston Astrodome in Texas on September 20, 1973. The match garnered huge publicity. In front of 30,492 spectators and a worldwide television audience estimated at 50 million people in 37 countries, King beat Riggs 6-4, 6-3, 6-3. The match is considered a very significant event in developing greater recognition and respect for women's tennis. King said, "I thought it would set us back 50 years if I didn't win that match. It would ruin the women's [tennis] tour and affect all women's self-esteem."
In recent years, a persistent urban legend has arisen, particularly on the Internet, that the rules of tennis were modified for the match so that Riggs had only one serve for King's two and that King was allowed to hit into the doubles court area. This is completely false - the match was played under the normal rules of tennis.
 Furthering the tennis profession
King led player efforts to support the first professional women's tennis tour in the 1970s called the Virginia Slims, founded by Gladys Heldman and funded by Joseph Cullman of Philip Morris. Once the tour took flight, King worked tirelessly to promote it.
In 1973, King became the first president of the women's players union – the Women's Tennis Association. In 1974, she, with husband Larry King and Jim Jorgensen, founded womenSports magazine and started the Women's Sports Foundation. Also in 1974, King helped to found World TeamTennis. She became league commissioner in 1982.
 Later career
King retired from competitive play in singles at the end of 1983. She reached the semifinals in her final appearance at Wimbledon, losing to Andrea Jaeger 6-1, 6-1 after beating Kathy Jordan 7-5, 6-4 in the quarterfinals, Wendy Turnbull 7-5, 6-3 in the fourth round, and Rosie Casals, her longtime doubles partner, 6-3, 6-4 in the third round. The final singles match of her career was a second round 7-6, 4-6, 6-4 loss to Catherine Tanvier at the 1983 Australian Open.
King played doubles sporadically from 1984 through 1990. She retired from competitive play in doubles in March 1990. In her last competitive doubles match, King and her partner, Jennifer Capriati, lost a second round match to Brenda Schultz-McCarthy and Andrea Temesvari 6-3, 6-2 at the Virginia Slims of Florida tournament.
In the mid-1990s, King became the captain of the United States Fed Cup team and coach of its women's Olympic tennis squad. She guided the U.S. to the Fed Cup championship in 1996 and helped Lindsay Davenport, Gigi Fernandez, and Mary Joe Fernandez capture Olympic gold medals.
In 2002, King dismissed Capriati from the Fed Cup team, saying Capriati had violated rules that forbade bringing along and practicing with personal coaches. Opinion was sharply divided, with many supporting King's decision but many feeling the punishment was too harsh, especially in hindsight when Monica Seles and Lisa Raymond were defeated by lower-ranked Austrians Barbara Schett and Barbara Schwartz. The following year, Zina Garrison Jackson succeeded King as Fed Cup captain.
 Tennis legacy
According to the end-of-year rankings compiled by the London Daily Telegraph from 1914 through 1972, King was ranked first in the world three times: 1966, 1967, and 1968. King also was ranked first for 1972 and 1974, when the official rankings were produced by the Women's Tennis Association.
King's triumph at the French Open in 1972 made her only the fifth woman in tennis history to win the singles titles at all four Grand Slam events, a "career Grand Slam." She also won a career Grand Slam in mixed doubles. In women's doubles, only the Australian Open eluded her. She won a record 20 career titles at Wimbledon – 6 singles, 10 women's doubles, and 4 mixed doubles. (Martina Navratilova also has 20 career titles at Wimbledon.)
King played 51 Grand Slam events in singles from 1959 through 1983 (197-39 .835 win-loss record): 21 at Wimbledon (96-15 win-loss record), 18 at the U.S. Championships/Open (63-14 win-loss record), 7 at the French Championships/Open (22-6 win-loss record), and 5 at the Australian Championships/Open (16-4 win-loss record).
She won 12 Grand Slam singles titles: 6 at Wimbledon, 4 at the U.S. Championships/Open, 1 at the French Open, and 1 at the Australian Championships. She won the last 7 Grand Slam singles finals in which she played, 6 of them in straight sets. Four of those finals were against Evonne Goolagong.
From 1966 through 1975, King played in 25 Grand Slam singles tournaments, winning 12. She was the losing finalist in 4 of those tournaments, a losing semifinalist in 2 of those tournaments, and a losing quarterfinalist in 5 of those tournaments. From 1971 through 1975, King won 7 of the 10 Grand Slam singles tournaments she played. All but one of King's Grand Slam singles championships were on grass.
During her career, King was the losing finalist in 6 Grand Slam singles events, and she reached at least the semifinals in 27 and at least the quarterfinals in 40 out of her 51 attempts. An indicator of King's mental toughness at crunch time in Grand Slam singles tournaments was her 11-2 career record in deuce third sets, i.e., third sets that were tied 5-5 before being resolved.
 Personal life
King married Lawrence King in 1965. In 1971, she had an abortion. King said in an interview with 60 Minutes in 1972 that she and her husband were not ready to have children at that time because both were busy with their careers and could not devote time to children.
In 1971, King began an intimate relationship with her secretary Marilyn Barnett. King acknowledged the relationship when it became public in a lawsuit ten years later, becoming the first prominent American athlete to confirm having a gay relationship. King said that she decided to play on the tour in 1982 and 1983 solely because she needed money to pay the attorneys who defended her in that lawsuit and that she really did not want to play at age 38 and 39.
In 1987, she divorced Lawrence King. On a PBS program on March 20, 2005, she discussed the fact that her sexual side has been the greatest struggle of her life. She pointed out that she came from a personally conservative background, which worked against her being open about her orientation, as contrasted with less inhibited players such as Martina Navratilova.
Friends with singer Elton John, the song "Philadelphia Freedom" is a tribute to King (see ). On a PBS program, John talked about how he brought a demo copy of the record to play for her right after he had recorded it.
Charles M. Schulz, creator of the Peanuts comic strip, was another of King's admirers and close friends. Schulz referenced King several times in Peanuts over the years. In one strip, Peppermint Patty tells Marcie, "Has anyone ever told you that when you're mad, you look just like Billie Jean King?"
In 2001, King received an award from the GLAAD, an organisation devoted to reducing discrimination against gays, lesbians and bisexuals, for "furthering the visibility and inclusion of the community in her work." The award noted her involvement in production and the free distribution of educational films, as well as serving on the boards of several AIDS charities.
 Awards, honors, and tributes
In 1975, Seventeen (magazine) magazine found that King was the most admired woman in the world from a poll of its readers. Golda Meir, who had been Israel's prime minister until the previous year, finished second.
On August 28, 2006, the USTA National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park was rededicated as the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center. John McEnroe, Venus Williams, Jimmy Connors, and Chris Evert were among the speakers during the rededication ceremony. The center is the largest sports facility in the world to be named after a woman.
In 2004, actor Jade Esteban Estrada portrayed King in the solo musical comedy ICONS: The Lesbian and Gay History of the World, Vol. 2.
 Grand Slam singles finals
 Wins (12)
|Year||Championship||Opponent in Final||Score in Final|
|1966||Wimbledon||Maria Bueno||6-3, 3-6, 6-1|
|1967||Wimbledon (2)||Ann Haydon Jones||6-3, 6-4|
|1967||U.S. Championships||Ann Haydon Jones||11-9, 6-4|
|1968||Australian Championships||Margaret Smith Court||6-1, 6-2|
|1968||Wimbledon (3)||Judy Tegart Dalton||9-7, 7-5|
|1971||U.S. Open (2)||Rosemary Casals||6-4, 7-6|
|1972||French Open||Evonne Goolagong Cawley||6-3, 6-3|
|1972||Wimbledon (4)||Evonne Goolagong Cawley||6-3, 6-3|
|1972||U.S. Open (3)||Kerry Melville Reid||6-3, 7-5|
|1973||Wimbledon (5)||Chris Evert||6-0, 7-5|
|1974||U.S. Open (4)||Evonne Goolagong Cawley||3-6, 6-3, 7-5|
|1975||Wimbledon (6)||Evonne Goolagong Cawley||6-0, 6-1|
 Runner-ups (6)
|Year||Championship||Opponent in Final||Score in Final|
|1963||Wimbledon||Margaret Smith Court||6-3, 6-4|
|1965||U.S. Championships||Margaret Smith Court||8-6, 7-5|
|1968||U.S. Open||Virginia Wade||6-4, 6-2|
|1969||Australian Open||Margaret Smith Court||6-4, 6-1|
|1969||Wimbledon||Ann Haydon Jones||3-6, 6-3, 6-2|
|1970||Wimbledon||Margaret Smith Court||14-12, 11-9|
 Singles (67 Open Era)
- 1968 - Wimbledon
- 1969 - Pacific Southwest, South African Open, Natal, Dublin, Stockholm
- 1970 - Rome, Sydney, Durban, London Indoors, VS Richmond
- 1971 - US Open, San Francisco, Long Beach, Milwaukee, Oklahoma City, Chattanooga, US Indoors-Detroit, Boston, San Diego, Hamburg [German Open], Hoylake, Kitzbuhel, Houston, US Clay Courts, Louisville, Phoenix, London Indoors
- 1972 - Roland Garros, US Open, Wimbledon, Phoenix, Richmond, Indianapolis, San Francisco, Tucson, Charlotte, Bristol
- 1973 - Wimbledon, Phoenix, Indianapolis, Denver, Nottingham, VS Hawaii, Tokyo [Toray]
- 1974 - US Open, San Francisco, Washington DC, Detroit, Akron, US Indoors-New York
- 1975 - Wimbledon, Sarasota
- 1977 - Lionel San Antonio, Phoenix, San Paulo, San Juan, Japan Invitational, London Indoors
- 1979 - Tokyo Sillook, Stockholm
- 1980 - Detroit, Houston, Tokyo Sillook
- 1982 - Birmingham
- 1983 - Birmingham.
 Grand Slam doubles tournaments
- Australian Championships / Australian Open:
- Women's Doubles runner-up (2): 1965, 1969
- Mixed Doubles champion: 1968
- French Championships / French Open:
- Women's Doubles champion: 1972
- Women's Doubles runner-up (2): 1968, 1970
- Mixed Doubles champion (2): 1967, 1970
- Mixed Doubles runner-up: 1968
- Women's Doubles champion (10): 1961, 1962, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1979
- Women's Doubles runner-up (2): 1964, 1976
- Mixed Doubles champion (4): 1967, 1971, 1973, 1974
- Mixed Doubles runner-up (3): 1966, 1978, 1983
- U.S. Championships / U.S. Open:
- Women's Doubles champion (5): 1964, 1967, 1974, 1978, 1980
- Women's Doubles runner-up (7): 1962, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1973, 1975, 1979
- Mixed Doubles champion (4): 1967, 1971, 1973, 1976
- Mixed Doubles runner-up (3): 1975, 1977, 1978
 Grand Slam singles tournament timeline
|Australia||A||A||A||A||A||A||SF||A||A||W||F||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A / A||A||A||A||A||QF||2R||1 / 5|
|France||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||QF||SF||QF||QF||A||W||A||A||A||A||A||A||A||QF||A||3R||A||1 / 7|
|Wimbledon||A||A||2R||QF||F||SF||SF||W||W||W||F||F||SF||W||W||QF||W||A||QF||QF||QF||QF||A||SF||SF||6 / 21|
|United States||1R||3R||2R||1R||4R||QF||F||2R||W||F||QF||A||W||W||3R||W||A||A||QF||A||SF||A||A||1R||A||4 / 18|
|SR||0 / 1||0 / 1||0 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 3||1 / 2||2 / 3||2 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 2||1 / 2||3 / 3||1 / 2||1 / 2||1 / 1||0 / 0||0 / 2||0 / 1||0 / 2||0 / 2||0 / 0||0 / 4||0 / 2||12 / 51|
A = did not participate in the tournament
SR = the ratio of the number of singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played
Note: The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December.
 See also
 Grand Slam singles records
King's overall win-loss record at Wimbledon was 96-15 .865 in 21 years (1961-1975, 1977-1980, 1982-1983). (Her win total includes one walkover but does not include any first round byes.)
King was 6-3 in finals, 9-5 in semifinals, and 14-6 in quarterfinals. King failed to reach the quarterfinals only once, in 1961 during her first Wimbledon. After receiving a bye during the first round, King lost to the fifth seed, Yola Ramirez Ochoa, in the second round.
King was 23-7 in three set matches, 73-8 in two set matches, and 5-1 in deuce third sets, i.e., sets that were tied 5-5 before being resolved.
King was seeded 18 times out of 21 years. (Wimbledon seeded 8 players from at least 1961 through 1976, 12 players in 1977, and 16 players from 1978 through the end of King's career.)
- Seeded #1 in 1974 (quarterfinalist), 1968 (champion), 1967 (champion).
- Seeded #2 in 1973 (champion), 1972 (champion), 1971 (semifinalist), 1970 (losing finalist), 1969 (losing finalist).
- Seeded #3 in 1975 (champion) and 1964 (semifinalist).
- Seeded #4 in 1966 (champion).
- Seeded #5 in 1980 (quarterfinalist), 1978 (quarterfinalist), 1977 (quarterfinalist), 1965 (semifinalist).
- Seeded #7 in 1979 (quarterfinalist).
- Seeded #10 in 1983 (semifinalist).
- Seeded #12 in 1982 (semifinalist).
- Unseeded in 1963 (losing finalist), 1962 (quarterfinalist), 1961 (lost second round).
King was 31-15 .674 against seeded players. She never lost to an unseeded player (65-0). Her worst loss was to #8 seed Olga Morozova in 1974.
- Versus #1 seeds, King was 4-7 (wins: Chris Evert (1975), Evonne Goolagong Cawley (1972), Margaret Smith Court (1966, 1962); losses: Martina Navratilova (1980), Chris Evert (1978, 1977), Margaret Smith Court (1970, 1964, 1963), Maria Bueno (1965)).
- Versus #2 seeds, King was 2-1 (wins: Maria Bueno (1966), Lesley Turner Bowrey (1963); loss: Chris Evert (1982)).
- Versus #3 seeds, King was 6-2 (wins: Tracy Austin (1982), Evonne Goolagong Cawley (1973), Virginia Wade (1970), Ann Haydon Jones (1967, 1963), Lesley Turner Bowrey (1965); losses: Andrea Jaeger (1983), Evonne Goolagong Cawley (1971)).
- Versus #4 seeds, King was 3-2 (wins: Evonne Goolagong Cawley (1975), Chris Evert (1973), Ann Haydon Jones (1968); losses: Tracy Austin (1979), Ann Haydon Jones (1969)).
- Versus #5 seeds, King was 0-2 (Ann Haydon Jones (1962), Yola Ramirez Ochoa (1961)).
- Versus #6 seeds, King was 4-0 (Wendy Turnbull (1982), Rosemary Casals (1972), Annette Du Plooy (1966), Ann Haydon Jones (1964)).
- Versus #7 seeds, King was 8-0 (Wendy Turnbull (1983), Olga Morozova (1975), Kerry Melville Reid (1973), Virginia Wade (1972), Francoise Durr (1971), Karen Krantzcke (1970), Judy Tegart Dalton (1968), Maria Bueno (1963)).
- Versus #8 seeds, King was 3-1 (wins: Judy Tegart Dalton (1969), Lesley Turner Bowrey (1968), Virginia Wade (1967); loss: Olga Morozova (1974)).
- Versus #14 seeds, King was 1-0 (Sue Barker (1978)).
Against her major rivals at Wimbledon, King was 4-2 versus Ann Haydon Jones, 3-0 versus Rosemary Casals, 3-0 versus Virginia Wade, 3-0 versus Francoise Durr, 3-1 versus Evonne Goolagong Cawley, 3-1 versus Maria Bueno, 2-3 versus Margaret Smith Court, 2-3 versus Chris Evert, 1-0 versus Christine Truman Janes, 1-0 versus Hana Mandlikova, 1-1 versus Olga Morozova, 1-1 versus Tracy Austin, and 0-1 versus Martina Navratilova.
 United States Championships/Open
King's overall win-loss record at the United States Championships/Open was 63-14 .818 in 18 years (1959-1969, 1971-1974, 1977, 1979, 1982). She was 55-11 on grass, 5-2 on hard courts, and 3-1 on clay. (Her win total does not include any first round byes. Her loss total includes two retirements.)
King was 4-2 in finals, 6-1 in semifinals, and 7-3 in quarterfinals.
King was 8-4 in three set matches, 55-10 in two set matches, and 4-1 in deuce third sets, i.e., sets that were tied 5-5 before being resolved.
King was seeded 14 times out of the 18 years she entered the tournament.
- Seeded #1 in 1973 (lost third round), 1972 (champion), 1971 (champion), 1968 (losing finalist), 1967 (champion).
- Seeded #2 in 1974 (champion), 1966 (lost second round).
- Seeded #3 in 1969 (quarterfinalist), 1964 (quarterfinalist), 1963 (lost fourth round).
- Seeded #5 in 1965 (losing finalist).
- Seeded #7 in 1977 (quarterfinalist).
- Seeded #9 in 1979 (semifinalist).
- Seeded #12 in 1982 (lost first round).
- Unseeded in 1962 (lost first round), 1961 (lost second round), 1960 (lost third round), 1959 (lost first round).
King was 12-8 .600 against seeded players and 51-6 .895 against unseeded players.
- Versus #3 seeds, King was 1-0 (Ann Haydon Jones (1965)).
- Versus #5 seeds, King was 3-1 (wins: Evonne Goolagong Cawley (1974), Margaret Smith Court (1972), Maria Bueno (1968); loss: Nancy Richey Gunter (1964)).
- Versus #6 seeds, King was 1-2 (win: Rosemary Casals (1974); losses: Nancy Richey Gunter (1969), Virginia Wade (1968)).
- Versus #7 seeds, King was 0-1 (Bernice Carr Vukovich (1960)).
- Versus #8 seeds, King was 1-0 (Virginia Wade (1972)).
- Versus #9 seeds, King was 2-0 (Kerry Melville Reid (1977 and 1972)).
Against her major rivals at the United States Championships/Open, King was 3-1 versus Virginia Wade, 2-0 versus Maria Bueno, 2-0 versus Ann Haydon Jones, 2-0 versus Rosemary Casals, 1-0 versus Evonne Goolagong Cawley, 1-0 versus Francoise Durr, 1-1 versus Margaret Smith Court, 1-2 versus Chris Evert, 0-1 versus Christine Truman Janes, and 0-2 versus Nancy Richey Gunter.
 French Championships/Open
King's overall win-loss record at the French Championships/Open was 22-6 .786 in 7 years (1967-1970, 1972, 1980, 1982). (Her win total does not include any first round byes but does include one walkover.)
King was 1-0 in finals, 1-1 in semifinals, and 2-4 in quarterfinals. She failed to reach the quarterfinals only once, in 1982 when she lost to Lucia Romanov in the third round.
King was 3-3 in three set matches, 19-3 in two set matches, and 1-0 in deuce third sets, i.e., sets that were tied 5-5 before being resolved.
King was seeded all 7 years she entered the tournament.
- Seeded #1 in 1968 (semifinalist), 1967 (quarterfinalist).
- Seeded #2 in 1980 (quarterfinalist), 1970 (quarterfinalist), 1969 (quarterfinalist).
- Seeded #3 in 1972 (champion).
- Seeded #10 in 1982 (lost third round).
King was 5-3 .625 against seeded players and 17-3 .850 against unseeded players.
- Versus #1 seeds, King was 1-0 (Evonne Goolagong Cawley (1972)).
- Versus #6 seeds, King was 1-0 (Virginia Wade (1972)).
- Versus #7 seeds, King was 1-1 (win: Helga Niessen Masthoff (1972); loss: Helga Niessen Masthoff (1970)).
- Versus #8 seeds, King was 1-0 (Maria Bueno (1968)).
- Versus #16 seeds, King was 1-0 (Gail Sheriff (1967)).
Against her major rivals at the French Championships/Open, King was 1-0 versus Virginia Wade, 1-0 versus Maria Bueno, 1-0 versus Evonne Goolagong Cawley, 1-1 versus Helga Niessen Masthoff, 0-1 versus Lesley Turner Bowrey, and 0-1 versus Nancy Richey Gunter.
 Australian Championships/Open
King's overall win-loss record at the Australian Championships/Open was 16-4 .800 in 5 years (1965, 1968, 1969, 1982, 1983). (Her win total does not include any first round byes.)
King was 1-1 in finals, 2-1 in semifinals, and 3-1 in quarterfinals.
King was 5-1 in three set matches, 11-3 in two set matches, and 1-0 in deuce third sets, i.e., sets that were tied 5-5 before being resolved.
King was seeded all 5 years she entered the tournament.
- Seeded #1 overall in 1969 (losing finalist), 1968 (champion).
- Seeded #2 foreign in 1965 (semifinalist).
- Seeded #7 overall in 1983 (lost 2nd round).
- Seeded #9 overall in 1982 (quarterfinalist).
King was 6-3 .667 against seeded players and 10-1 .909 against unseeded players.
- Versus #1 seeds (domestic, foreign, or overall), King was 0-1 (Margaret Smith Court (1965)).
- Versus #2 seeds (domestic, foreign, or overall), King was 0-2 (Chris Evert 1982, Margaret Smith Court (1969)).
- Versus #3 seeds (domestic, foreign, or overall), King was 2-0 (Ann Haydon Jones (1969), Judy Tegart Dalton (1968)).
- Versus #4 seeds (domestic, foreign, or overall), King was 1-0 (Robyn Ebbern (1965)).
- Versus #6 seeds (domestic, foreign, or overall), King was 1-0 (Karen Krantzcke (1969)).
- Versus #7 seeds (domestic, foreign, or overall), King was 2-0 (Barbara Potter (1982), Margaret Smith Court (1968)).
Against her major rivals at the Australian Championships/Open, King was 1-0 versus Kerry Melville Reid, 1-0 versus Judy Tegart Dalton, 1-0 versus Evonne Goolagong Cawley, 1-0 versus Ann Haydon Jones, 1-2 versus Margaret Smith Court, and 0-1 versus Chris Evert.
- ↑ Official Wimbledon profile of Billie Jean King. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- ↑ Randy Moffitt Statistics. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- ↑ International Tennis Hall of Fame biography of Billie Jean Moffitt King. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- ↑ Press Release - King's Schools. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- ↑ Official Wimbledon profile of Billie Jean King. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- ↑ Flink, Steve. Billie Jean Moffitt King vs. Margaret Smith Court. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- ↑ all things William. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- ↑ Billie Jean won for all women. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- ↑ Women's Tennis Association biography of Billie Jean King. URL accessed on 2007-02-15.
- ↑ http://www.worldteamtennis.com/about/billie.asp
 External links
- International Tennis Hall of Fame profile
- Official Wimbledon profile
- BBC profile
- ESPN.com article
- Fed Cup record
- When Billie Beat Bobby (IMDb info on the 2001 TV drama/comedy about The Battle of the Sexes)
- Billie Jean's motivational commencement speech
Template:Australian Open women's singles champions Template:French Open women's singles champions Template:Wimbledon women's singles champions Template:US Open women's singles champions Template:Tennis Career Grand Slam Champions Template:Tennis women grand slam three and more
|This article is based on a GNU FDL LGBT Wikia article: Jean King Billie Jean King||LGBT|