Still working to recover. Please don't edit quite yet.
Ruhnama (or The Book of the Soul from Persian: روح ruh (soul) and نامه nÃ¢ma (book), sometimes spelled Rukhnama) is the combination autobiography, historical fiction, and spiritual guidebook written by Turkmenistan's President for Life, Saparmyrat Niyazov. The text is composed of many stories and poems, including those by Sufist poet Magtymguly Pyragy.
Niyazov issued the first part of the work in 2001, saying, "Ruhnama was issued to eliminate all shortcomings, to raise the spirit of the Turkmen." The second part, which covers morals, philosophy, and life conduct, was issued in 2004. The book is a substantial part of Niyazov's personality cult, is required to be prominently displayed in Turkmen bookstores and government offices, and is also required to be displayed next to and equal to the Islamic Qur'an in Turkmenistan's mosques. The work is a central part of education from primary school to university, and knowledge of the text - up to the ability to exactly recite passages from it - is required for passing education exams, holding any state employment and to qualify for a driving license.
Public criticism or even insufficient reverence of the text is seen as equivalent to disrespecting the president himself, and harshly punished by dispossession, imprisonment or torture of the offender or the offender's whole family if the violation was grave enough.
An enormous mechanical replica of the book is located in the capital; every night at 8:00PM it opens and passages are recited with accompanying video.
- Ruhnama - Official government site (English)
- Ruhnama in 4 languages - Official Ruhnama/Rukhnama in English, Russian, Turkmen, Turkish.
- Ruhnama - English text
- Website on the Rukhnama and Turkmen culture
- Ks.Solyanskaya. God of all Turkmen - critical article in Gazeta.ru on Rukhnama (in Russian).
|This article contains content from Wikipedia. Current versions of the GNU FDL article Ruhnama on WP may contain information useful to the improvement of this article||WP|