1886 -- England: "Freedom" begins publication in London, as a monthly, in October 1886. From the start it was intended not as the mouthpiece of a particular group but as an independent voice in a wider movement.
1947 -- Belgium: Asger Jorn participates in the International Conference of Revolutionary Surrealism in Brussels.
1952 -- France: No More Flat Feet, a tract denouncing Charlie Chaplin signed by the Lettrist International (Serge Berna, Jean-Louis Brau, Guy-Ernest Debord, & Gil J. Wolman), is thrown into the crowd at a press conference for Chaplin's film Limelight.
1958 -- Boris Pasternak, under intense pressure from the Soviet government & press, wires the Swedish Royal Academy his "voluntary refusal" of the Nobel Prize for Literature. One of his crimes is to have written — in his novel, Dr. Zhivago — too sympathetically of the anarchists, & not kindly enough of the Bolsheviks.