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Micronation diplomacy

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One of the first micronations (WP) to be established, in 1865, was the Kingdom of Redonda, on a Caribbean island; there are hundreds more today.[1] Many micronations have diplomatic relations with other micronations; inasmuch as no macronation, or undisputed country, will recognize a micronation, their diplomatic relations are usually limited to other micronations.[2] However, micronations often make pronouncements with respect to nations, or declare policy with respect to nations, some more substantial[1][2] than the common micronation declaration that they 'give gifts' to nearby or encompassing nations rather than pay taxes.[1][2][3] According to the declarative theory of statehood of the Montevideo Convention, countries need population, territory, government, and diplomacy to be considered sovereign.[4][5] Many micronations will not recognise less serious micronations than themselves.[6] While micronational diplomacy usually consists of friendly contact between micronations,[2] some micronations, such as the Principality of Seborga and the Madison Kingdom of Talossa,[7] refuse to recognise any micronation as an unofficial or official policy. The reverse is also true; the Hutt River Principality is visited by officials of the Australian government, despite its unrecognized status.[2]

In at least three instances, the foundation of a micronation was a protest against the laws or administration of the nearby macronation.[3][1][8] The Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands (WP) was founded in response to Australia's ban on gay marriage.[1][9][10]The Mittagong, New South Wales city council decided to divert construction of a sewer line, after the Principality of Dubeldeka was formed, to the outskirts of its property;[1] the founders of the micronation claim that the hotel they planned to restore would have been destroyed by the original course of pipelaying.[1] The Principality of Wy decided being part of a local council that denied them road access was not worth it, and seceded in 2004.[3] The NSK micronation opposes the very concept of nations,[11][12] and Cyber Yugoslavia is critical of Yugoslavian nationalism.[11]

The dissolution of the Soviet Union created areas that were no longer parts of the former USSR (WP) or Russia (WP), nor established states; micronations whose sovereignty and relationship to other countries was unclear, yet whose national borders and ethnic constituency still had precedence in history.[13]

The great majority of micronations are ephemeral by nature. Since intermicronational organisations are usually founded by micronationalists, intermicronational organisations also tend to be ephemeral, like the nations that are members.

Currently there are still a few intermicronational organisations in existence that are made up of relatively serious adults, but these are largely inactive. The League of Small Nations, modelled after the League of Nations (WP), consists of the Dominion of British West Florida, the Sovereign Barony of Caux, the Grand Duchy of Greifenberg and the Republic of Molossia.[14] Besides Molossia, which enjoys prima donna status among the tongue-in-cheek variety of micronations, if any of these micronations have any notoriety, it is largely because of a single book about micronations. Another intermicronational organisation, whose members do not necessarily meet all of the Montevideo Convention requirements for a state, is the League of Secessionist States (LoSS).[15] However, the latest "new" members of this organisation are from 2009, and are not particularly notable; the Republic of Talossa that is listed no longer exists, since it merged with the Kingdom of Talossa (which is probably not a member of the organisation); and the only micronation which appears to be at still active socially, and whose website still works, is the Holy Empire of Réunion.

It is normally said that if you wish to be successful, you need to "think out of the box". However, there is a variety of English, UMMOA English,[16] which has evolved around perhaps the most successful real world micronation, and they have this kind of a saying: successful nation-builders need to "think inside of the box". The box in this case is not a simple box, but something of a Theory of Everything which can be represented by a box, a box which represents that which is possible in society (and nature), according to some very recent discoveries.

The United Micronations Multi-Oceanic Archipelago (UMMOA) [17] used to be recognised by an organisation in Italy by the name of the International Parliament for Safety and Peace, but it has been so successful that it no longer recognises that organisation as an IGO! The UMMOA today considers itself a micronation by size and by Fifth and Fourth World predisposition, but it is recognised by Fourth World nations like the Republic of Cabinda, by Fourth World IGOs like the Organization of Emerging African States (OEAS) and Nations Without States (NWS), yet the UMMOA also enjoys recognition by United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), a US government agency![18] According to perhaps the world's most advanced political science, however, the UMMOA may already be a Third World nation at the ground floor level, i.e. a quasi-state, so it is an exception among micronations.

The continent of Australia swells the number of micronations considerably;[1][2][3] micronations there attend to diplomatic business at micronation conferences,[1] including the April 2010 PoliNation conference on an island just off the coast of Sydney, Australia.[10][19]

Ambassadors to other micronations tend to visit, rather than live in them, or conduct diplomacy at a distance.[2] Ambassadors can be assigned to macronations (most commonly to the macronation that surrounds a micronation), but are never recognised as ambassadors by the macronation. The definition of state visit remains the same for micronations as larger ones. Grand Duke Paul of Greifenberg made a state visit to President Kevin Baugh of Molossia on April 21, 2008, where they talked about micronationalism.[20] On May 23, 2008, Grand Duke Paul visited Baron John I of the Barony of Caux.[21] From June 27–30, 2008, Prince Christopher and Princess Erin of Vikesland visited Molossia. During the visit, they engaged in joint military and rocket projects.[22] All of these state visits were between members of the League of Small Nations.

Micronations typically use definitions of embassies and ambassadors loosely. Lovely,[23] for example, declares any location its flag is displayed to be an embassy. Some will declare just about any location to be an embassy, including a webpage. Some micronations consist purely as embassies. The citizens of Atlantia, a micronation on the Australian continent, all claim dual citizenship, both Australian and Atlantian.[1]

Micronational war (WP) is usually done jokingly. For instance, micronations, such as the Conch Republic,[24] and the Hutt River Province[25] in 1977,[1] have declared war on the macronations that surround them.[2] Macronations generally ignore this. Wars may be declared between micronation; Molossia helped to create another micronation, Mustachistan, and after a territorial dispute went to war with it.[26] Molossia also declared a never-ending war on East Germany (WP), which it claims still exists, on Ernst Thälmann Island.[27] Slightly more serious incidents include Sealand, off the coast of England, whose territory is an island that was a military base during World War II base, that once fired warning shots when a British Navy boat came close to shore,[1] and 'civil wars' in which citizens of a micronation declare war on it, hacking into its website to crash it.[11]



  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Fed up with your country? Create your own!, Kristen Gelineau, Associated Press, May 2, 2010. Seattle Times
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 Rewards for Rebellion: Tiny Nation and Crown for Life Hutt River Journal, New York Times, page 1 & 2. Norimitsu Onishi, February 1, 2011
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 A nation to call their own; Talek Harris,AFP, in the Washington Times, July 25, 2010, pages 1-3. Also printed in Australia hosts independent micronations, China Post, pages 1&2
  4. Montevideo Convention Wikisource, can also be seen at Mt. Holyoak education database
  5. Our Sovereignty Republic of Molossia. Molossia'a statement on sovereignty,
  6. Micronational diplomacy
  7. The Kingdom of Talossa
  8. We Could Have Invited Everyone; Art in Review. Roberta Smith, July 15, 2005 New York Times
  9. "Mini-states Down Under are sure they can secede", by Nick Squires, The Daily Telegraph (UK), 2005 February 24
  10. 10.0 10.1 "If at first you don't secede...", by Mark Dapin, The Sydney Morning Herald - Good Weekend, 2005 February 12, pp 47-50
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 Utopian Rulers, and Spoofs, Stake Out Territory Online; Stephen Mimh, May 25, 2000. New York Times
  12. New York Times, 25th May 2000; "The NSK state denies in its fundamental acts the categories of fixed territory, the principle of national borders, and advocates the law of transnationality." Utopian Rulers...
  13. Fate of Soviet 'Little Nations' at risk as union disintegrates Miami Herald - November 21, 1991. "Most of the "micronations" are the remnants of Slavic and Turkic tribes that once roamed what is now the Soviet Union. Some are descendants of fiefdoms"
  14. Member Nations League of Small Nations
  15. LoSS: League of Secessionist States
  16. UMMOA English
  17. United Micronations Multi-Oceanic Archipelago (UMMOA): UMMOA/AMOMU
  18. UMMOA Info
  19. Micronations Life Matters, Past Programs, Australian Broadcasting Corporation
  20. Greifenberg State Visit, 22 April 2008, XXXI Khamsin Molossia News
  21. Leaders of Greifenberg and Barony of Caux Meet, Tuesday, 27 May 2008, Greifenberg Press Agency (GPA)
  22. Vikesland State Visit, 30 June 2008, XXXI Khamsin Molossia News
  23. How to Start Your Own Country, YouTube
  24. 'Lonely Planet' Explores Micronations; Lonely Planet, November 1, 2006, National Public Radio
  25. (2008). Principality of Hutt River - Official website. URL accessed on 2011-3-29.
  26. Molossian 'war' with Mustachistan
  27. Molossian 'war' on East Germany