Ernest Jüenger (born 1895 March 29) was a German novelist/essayist, whose militarism (after his sonʼs death), and anti-semitism changed, in his allegory On the Marble Cliffs (1939), into criticism of German National Socialism.
Previous books mocked the democracy of the Wiemar Republic, but he rejected Hitlerʼs offers of friendship in the 1920s.
During World War II he lived mostly in Paris associating with such artists as Pablo Picasso. In 1944 he participated in a conspiracy against Hitler. After the war his works were banned for a short time.
Jünger is considered among the forerunners of Magic Realism. In his novels Jünger painted cold visions of the future, where an overmechaniced world threatens individualism, as in The Glass Bees (1957).
A close friend of Martin Heidegger: The dialogue between Jüenger & Heidegger is described by Pierre Bourdieu as political-metaphysical junk.